Zanshinkan Karate, LLC

920 Ventures Way, Suite 3

Chesapeake, VA 23320

Terminology

Stances



Zenkutsu dachi - front stance


Han Zenkutsu Dachi - half front stance


Gyaku Zenkutsu Dachi - reverse front stance


Shiko Dachi - horse stance


Neko Ashi Dachi - cat stance


Naihanchi Dachi - inside tension stance


Kosa Dachi - cross leg stance


Kokutsu Dachi - back stance


Uchi Hachiji Dachi - ready stance


Heiko Dachi - Parallel stance (shoulder width)


Su Dachi -  broken or pidgeon-toed stance


Renoji Dachi - fighting stance


Musubi dachi - informal attention stance



Blocks



Uke - block


Jodan Uke - high block


Chudan Uke - middle block


Gedan Uke - low block


Gedan Barrai - low sweeping block


Shuto Uke - knife hand block


So Uke (or Morote Uke) - augmented block


Juji Uke - X block


Kake-Te  -  hook hand block


Kentsui Uke - hammerfist block


Kicks



Geri - kick


Mae Geri - front kick


Yoko Geri - side kick


Mawashi Geri - roundhouse kick


Ushiro Geri - back kick


Mikazuki Geri - crescent kick


Kake Geri - hook kick


Kekomi - thrust kick to knee


Kin Geri - groin kick with instep


Mae Tobi Geri - jump front kick


Strikes



Uchi - strike


Zuki - punch


Choku-Zuki - straight punch with lead hand


Gyaku-Zuki - reverse punch


Shuto Uchi - knife hand strike


Nukite - spear hand


Uraken Uchi - backfist strike


Kentsui Uchi - hammerfist strike


Empi Uchi - elbow strike


Haito Uchi - ridgehand


Shotei Uchi - palm heel strike


Ippon Ken - one finger knuckle


Nakadaka Ippon Ken - center finger knuckle


Sashite - combined block and strike

General



Budo - martial way


Bunkai - application of kata


Bushi - Japanese warrior


Bushido - way of the warrior


Dan - Rank system for black belts


Dojo - karate school (literally "the place of the way")


Gi - karate uniform


Hai - yes


Hajime - begin


Hiki-te -  The retracting (chambering) arm during a technique. It gives the balance of power to the forward moving technique.  It can also be used as a pulling technique after a grab, or a strike backward with the elbow.


Karate - empty hand


Karate-do - way of karate


Karateka - practitioner of karate


Kata - form


Kiai - exhalation and shout, to release and focus  energy


Kihon - basic


Kime - focus of power


Kiotsuke - attention


Kobudo - Okinawan weapons practice


Kumite - sparring


Kyu - rank system for below black belt


Obi - belt


Osu - "I will try my best."   also used to show respect, enthusiasm.


Rei - Bow


Seiza - formal kneeling position


Sempai - senior student or assistant instructor


Shihan - master instructor


Sensei - teacher


Shomen - front of dojo


Tobi - jump


Waza - technique


Yame - stop


Yoi - ready


Yudansha - black belt holder (any level)




Jodan - upper


Chudan - middle


Gedan - lower